Thirty-six percent of twelfth grade college students failed to even reach the fundamental level in civics, signifying that they have been unable to explain types of political participation in a democracy, or draw simple conclusions from fundamental graphs, charts, maps, or cartoons. A 2015 survey performed by the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania found that solely 31 p.c of Americans can title all three branches of presidency, and 32 {f364e3faaa9736baf3ee0a1bcf343032d0dfd3c88ffc2ea206a7aa0cf1658a82} can not determine a single one. (See Figure 1.) The survey found that only fifty three percent of Americans understood that a 5–4 choice by the U.S. Supreme Court constitutes legislation and have to be adopted; 15 {f364e3faaa9736baf3ee0a1bcf343032d0dfd3c88ffc2ea206a7aa0cf1658a82} believed that a 5–four choice is distributed again to Congress for reconsideration, and thirteen {f364e3faaa9736baf3ee0a1bcf343032d0dfd3c88ffc2ea206a7aa0cf1658a82} thought that the choice could be returned to decrease courts and decided there. Across a wide range of policy areas, then, the education …